Gradle – Allure Report for Cucumber7, Selenium and JUnit4

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The previous tutorial explained the generation of Allure Report with Cucumber5, Selenium and JUnit4 in a Maven project. In this tutorial, I will explain the steps to create an Allure Report with Cucumber, Selenium, and JUnit4 in a Gradle project.

Pre Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or above installed
  2. Eclipse or IntelliJ IDE installed
  3. Gradle Installed
  4. Environment variables JAVA_HOME, ALLURE_HOME and GRADLE_HOME are correctly configured

In this tutorial, I’ll create a BDD Framework for the testing of web applications using Cucumber7, and Selenium 4 with JUnit4. This framework consists of:-

  1. Cucumber Java- 7.6.0
  2. Cucumber JUnit4 – 7.6.0
  3. Java 11
  4. JUnit4 – 4.13.2
  5. Gradle – 7.3.3
  6. Selenium – 4.3.0
  7. Allure Cucumber – 2.19.0
  8. AspectJ Weaver – 1.9.7

Project Structure

Implementation Steps

  1. Add Cucumber, Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-JUnit dependencies in build.gradle
  2. Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file and Test Runner Class
  3. Execute the Tests
  4. Generate Allure Report

There is a tutorial that explains the Integration of Cucumber, Selenium, and JUnit4 in a Gradle project. Please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium, and JUnit4.

Step 1 – Add Cucumber, Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-JUnit4 dependencies in build.gradle
/*
 * This file was generated by the Gradle 'init' task.
 *
 */

plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
    id 'io.qameta.allure' version '2.11.0'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

java {
    sourceCompatibility = 11
    targetCompatibility = 11
}
 
dependencies {

    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-java:7.6.0'
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-junit:7.6.0'
    
    // Use JUnit test framework.
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.13.2'
    
    // Allure 
    implementation 'io.qameta.allure:allure-cucumber7-jvm:2.19.0'
    runtimeOnly 'org.aspectj:aspectjweaver:1.9.7'  

    // This dependency is used by the application.
    implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:30.1.1-jre'
    implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
    implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

configurations {
    cucumberRuntime {
        extendsFrom testImplementation
    }
}

task cucumber() {
    dependsOn assemble, testClasses
    doLast {
        javaexec {
        
           systemProperty("allure.results.directory", "build/allure-results")  
            main = "io.cucumber.core.cli.Main"
            classpath = configurations.cucumberRuntime + sourceSets.main.output + sourceSets.test.output
            args = ['--plugin', 'pretty',         
            '--glue', 'com.example.definitions', 'src/test/resources']
        }
    }
}

Step 2 – Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file and Test Runner Class

As mentioned above, there is another tutorial that explains the project structure as well as the feature file and corresponding Step Definitions, please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium, and JUnit4.

Step 3 – Execute the Tests

Go to the app project and run the tests, using the below command

gradle cucumber

The output of the test execution is

Step 4 – Generate the Allure Report

Once the test execution is finished, a folder named allure-results will be generated in the build folder.

Note:- Make sure that you move to the folder app because the build folder is present in the app folder.

allure serve build/allure-results

Allure Report Dashboard

The overview page hosts several default widgets representing the basic characteristics of your project and test environment.

  1. Statistics – overall report statistics.
  2. Launches – if this report represents several test launches, statistics per launch will be shown here.
  3. Behaviors – information on results aggregated according to stories and features.
  4. Executors – information on test executors that were used to run the tests.
  5. History Trend – if tests accumulated some historical data, its trend will be calculated and shown on the graph.
  6. Environment – information on the test environment.

Categories in Allure Report

The categories tab gives you a way to create custom defect classifications to apply for test results. There are two categories of defects – Product Defects (failed tests) and Test Defects (broken tests).

Suites in Allure Report

On the Suites tab a standard structural representation of executed tests, grouped by suites and classes can be found.

Graphs in Allure Report

Graphs allow you to see different statistics collected from the test data: status breakdown or severity and duration diagrams.

Timeline in Allure Report

The timeline tab visualizes retrospective test execution, allure adaptors collect precise timings of tests, and here on this tab, they are arranged accordingly to their sequential or parallel timing structure.

Behaviors of Allure Report

This tab groups test results according to Epic, Feature, Story, Test Severity, Test Description, Test Steps, and so on.

Packages in Allure Report

The packages tab represents a tree-like layout of test results, grouped by different packages.

BDD Features

The feature’s description appears in every scenario.

All scenario steps are automatically translated into allure steps.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

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