Implemention of ‘Masterthought’ Reports in Cucumber with TestNG

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Masterthought library provides pretty HTML reports for Cucumber. The cucumber JSON file is used to generate the HTML for the website. This Java report publisher was made particularly with publishing cucumber reports to the Jenkins build server in mind. It releases aesthetically pleasing HTML reports with charts displaying the outcomes of cucumber runs.

Cucumber lacks a sophisticated reporting feature. Cucumber generates a number of simple reports as part of the BDD framework; using the output from these same reports, we can use the Masterthought reporting plugin to produce more extensive HTML reports. Masterthought reporting plugin generates not only fancy reports but also detailed ones by reading a default report ‘cucumber.json’  generated by cucumber.

Pre-Requisite

  1. Java 11 installed
  2. Maven installed
  3. Eclipse or IntelliJ installed

This framework consists of:

  1. Selenium – 4.3.0
  2. Java 11
  3. Cucumber – 7.6.0
  4. Maven – 3.8.1
  5. TestNG – 7.6.0
  6. Cucumber Reporting Plugin – 5.7.4

Project Structure

Implementation Steps

  1. Download and Install Java on the system
  2. Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system
  3. Setup Maven
  4. Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin (For Eclipse IDE)
  5. Create a new Maven Project
  6. Add SeleniumTestNG, Cucumber, and Masterthought dependencies to the project
  7. Create a feature file under src/test/resources
  8. Create the test code locating the web elements in src/main/java
  9. Create the Step Definition class or Glue Code in src/test/java
  10. Create a TestNG Cucumber Runner class in src/test/java
  11. Create testng.xml
  12. Run the tests from Command Line
  13. Cucumber Report Generation

Step 1- Download and Install Java

Cucumber and Selenium need Java to be installed on the system to run the tests. Click here to know How to install Java.

Step 2 – Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system

The Eclipse IDE (integrated development environment) provides strong support for Java developers, which is needed to write Java code. Click here to know How to install Eclipse.

Step 3 – Setup Maven

To build a test framework, we need to add a number of dependencies to the project. It is a very tedious and cumbersome process to add each dependency manually. So, to overcome this problem, we use a build management tool. Maven is a build management tool that is used to define project structure, dependencies, build, and test management. Click here to know How to install Maven.

Step 4 – Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin (Only for Eclipse IDE)

The Cucumber Eclipse plugin is a plugin that allows eclipse to understand the Gherkin syntax. The Cucumber Eclipse Plugin highlights the keywords present in Feature File. Click here to know more – Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin.

Step 5 – Create a new Maven Project

Click here to know How to create a Maven project

Below is the Maven project structure. Here,

Group Id – com.example
Artifact Id – CucumberReportingTestNG_Demo
Version – 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
Package – com. example.testng

Step 6 – Add SeleniumTestNG, Cucumber, and Masterthought dependencies to the project

Masterthought Dependency

<dependency>
			<groupId>net.masterthought</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-reporting</artifactId>
			<version>${maven.cucumber.reporting.version}</version>
</dependency>

Masterthought Plugin

<plugin>
		<groupId>net.masterthought</groupId>
		<artifactId>maven-cucumber-reporting</artifactId>
		<version>${maven.cucumber.reporting.version}</version>

		<executions>
			<execution>
				<id>execution</id>
				<phase>test</phase>
				<goals>
					<goal>generate</goal>
				</goals>
				<configuration>
					<projectName>Cucumber Reporting Example</projectName>
					<outputDirectory>${project.build.directory}/cucumber-report-html</outputDirectory>
					<inputDirectory>${project.build.directory}</inputDirectory>
					<jsonFiles>
						<param>**/*.json</param>
					</jsonFiles>
				</configuration>
			</execution>
		</executions>
</plugin>

The complete POM.xml for the project is shown below:-

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.example</groupId>
	<artifactId>CucumberReportingTestNG_Demo</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<cucumber.version>7.6.0</cucumber.version>
		<selenium.version>4.3.0</selenium.version>
		<webdrivermanager.version>5.2.1</webdrivermanager.version>
		<testng.version>7.6.0</testng.version>
		<apache.common.version>2.4</apache.common.version>
		<maven.compiler.plugin.version>3.10.1</maven.compiler.plugin.version>
		<maven.surefire.plugin.version>3.0.0-M7</maven.surefire.plugin.version>
		<maven.compiler.source.version>11</maven.compiler.source.version>
		<maven.compiler.target.version>11</maven.compiler.target.version>
		<maven.cucumber.reporting.version>5.7.4</maven.cucumber.reporting.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-java</artifactId>
			<version>${cucumber.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-testng</artifactId>
			<version>${cucumber.version}</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Selenium -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
			<artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
			<version>${selenium.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Web Driver Manager -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.github.bonigarcia</groupId>
			<artifactId>webdrivermanager</artifactId>
			<version>${webdrivermanager.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- TestNG -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.testng</groupId>
			<artifactId>testng</artifactId>
			<version>${testng.version}</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Apache Common -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.directory.studio</groupId>
			<artifactId>org.apache.commons.io</artifactId>
			<version>${apache.common.version}</version>
		</dependency>

       <!-- Cucumber Reporting-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>net.masterthought</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-reporting</artifactId>
			<version>${maven.cucumber.reporting.version}</version>
		</dependency>

	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.compiler.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>${maven.compiler.source.version}</source>
					<target>${maven.compiler.target.version}</target>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.surefire.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<testFailureIgnore>True</testFailureIgnore>
					<suiteXmlFiles>
						<suiteXmlFile>testng.xml</suiteXmlFile>
					</suiteXmlFiles>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>

			<plugin>
				<groupId>net.masterthought</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-cucumber-reporting</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.cucumber.reporting.version}</version>

				<executions>
					<execution>
						<id>execution</id>
						<phase>test</phase>
						<goals>
							<goal>generate</goal>
						</goals>
						<configuration>
							<projectName>Cucumber Reporting Example</projectName>
							<outputDirectory>${project.build.directory}/cucumber-report-html</outputDirectory>
							<inputDirectory>${project.build.directory}</inputDirectory>
							<jsonFiles>
								<param>**/*.json</param>
							</jsonFiles>
						</configuration>
					</execution>
				</executions>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>

Step 7 – Create a feature file (LoginPage.feature) containing all the test scenarios under src/test/resources/features

It is recommended to create a features folder in src/test/resources directory. Create all the feature files in this features folder. Feature file should be saved as an extension of .feature.

Feature: Login to HRM Application 

Background:
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
 
   @ValidCredentials
   Scenario: Login with valid credentials
       
    When User enters username as "Admin" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to login successfully and new page open
    
   @InvalidCredentials
   Scenario Outline: Login with invalid credentials
     
    When User enters username as "<username>" and password as "<password>"
    Then User should be able to see error message "<errorMessage>"
    
  Examples:
   | username   | password  | errorMessage                       |
   | $$$$$        | ££££££££  | Invalid credentials               |
   | admin        | Admin123  | Invalid credentials              | 

Step 8 – Create the test code locating the web elements in src/main/java

LoginPageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class LoginPageLocators {

	@FindBy(name = "username")
    public WebElement userName;
 
    @FindBy(name = "password")
    public WebElement password;
 
    @FindBy(id = "logInPanelHeading")
    public WebElement titleText;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")
    public WebElement login;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")
    public  WebElement errorMessage;
        
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@href='https://www.facebook.com/OrangeHRM/mycompany']") //Invalid Xpath
    public  WebElement faceBookIcon;  
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[1]/div/span")
    public WebElement missingUsernameErrorMessage;
}

HomePageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class HomePageLocators {

	@FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[1]/header/div[1]/div[1]/span/h6")
	public  WebElement homePageUserName;
 
}

LoginPageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.testng.locators.LoginPageLocators;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;

public class LoginPageActions {

LoginPageLocators loginPageLocators = null; 
	
    public LoginPageActions() {

    	this.loginPageLocators = new LoginPageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),loginPageLocators);
	}
    
    public void login(String strUserName, String strPassword) {
    	 
        // Fill user name
    	loginPageLocators.userName.sendKeys(strUserName);
 
        // Fill password
    	loginPageLocators.password.sendKeys(strPassword);
 
        // Click Login button
    	loginPageLocators.login.click();
 
    }
 
    //Get the title of Login Page")
    public String getLoginTitle() {
        return loginPageLocators.titleText.getText();
    }
      
    // Get the error message of Login Page
    public String getErrorMessage() {
        return loginPageLocators.errorMessage.getText();
    }
      
}

HomePageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.testng.locators.HomePageLocators;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;

public class HomePageActions {

	HomePageLocators homePageLocators = null;
   
	public HomePageActions() {
    	
		this.homePageLocators = new HomePageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),homePageLocators);
    }
 
    // Get the User name from Home Page
    public String getHomePageText() {
        return homePageLocators.homePageUserName.getText();
    }

}

HelperClass

import java.time.Duration;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;

public class HelperClass {
	
	private static HelperClass helperClass;
	
	private static WebDriver driver;
    public final static int TIMEOUT = 10;
	
	 private HelperClass() {
		 
			WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
	    	driver = new ChromeDriver();
	    	driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(Duration.ofSeconds(TIMEOUT));
	        driver.manage().window().maximize();

	 }      
	    	
    public static void openPage(String url) {
        driver.get(url);
    }
	
	public static WebDriver getDriver() {
		return driver;
				
	}
	
	public static void setUpDriver() {
		
		if (helperClass==null) {
			
			helperClass = new HelperClass();
		}
	}

	 public static void tearDown() {
		 
		 if(driver!=null) {
			 driver.close();
			 driver.quit();
		 }
		 
		 helperClass = null;

	 } 
	
}

Step 9 – Create the Step Definition class or Glue Code in src/test/java

It is recommended to create a definitions folder in src/test/java directory. The StepDefinition files should be created in this definitions directory. within the folder called definitions.

LoginPageDefinitions

import org.junit.Assert;
import com.example.junit.actions.ForgetPasswordPageActions;
import com.example.junit.actions.HomePageActions;
import com.example.junit.actions.LoginPageActions;
import com.example.junit.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Given;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Then;
import io.cucumber.java.en.When;

public class LoginPageDefinitions{
	
	LoginPageActions objLogin = new LoginPageActions();
    HomePageActions objHomePage = new HomePageActions();
    ForgetPasswordPageActions objForgotPasswordPage = new ForgetPasswordPageActions();
		
 
    @Given("User is on HRMLogin page {string}")
    public void loginTest(String url) {
    	
    	HelperClass.openPage(url);
 
    }
 
    @When("User enters username as {string} and password as {string}")
    public void goToHomePage(String userName, String passWord) {
 
        // login to application
        objLogin.login(userName, passWord);
 
        // go the next page
        
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to login successfully and new page open")
    public void verifyLogin() {
 
        // Verify home page
        Assert.assertTrue(objHomePage.getHomePageText().contains("Dashboard"));
 
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see error message {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessage(String expectedErrorMessage) {
 
        // Verify home page
        Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getErrorMessage(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }
     
}

Hooks

import com.example.junit.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.After;
import io.cucumber.java.Before;

public class Hooks {
	
	@Before
    public static void setUp() {

       HelperClass.setUpDriver();
    }
	
	@After
	public static void tearDown() {
	
		HelperClass.tearDown();
	}
}

Step 10 – Create a TestNG Cucumber Runner class in src/test/java

We need to create a class called Runner class to run the tests. This class will use the TestNG annotation @RunWith(), which tells TestNG what is the test runner class. TestRunner should be created under src/test/java within the folder called runner.

AbstractTestNGCucumberTests – Runs each cucumber scenario found in the features as a separate test.

import io.cucumber.testng.AbstractTestNGCucumberTests;
import io.cucumber.testng.CucumberOptions;
 
@CucumberOptions(tags = "", features = "src/test/resources/features/LoginPage.feature", glue = "com.example.testng.definitions",
    plugin= {"pretty", "html:test-output","json:target/cucumber/cucumber.json", "html:target/cucumber-html-report"})
 
public class CucumberRunnerTests extends AbstractTestNGCucumberTests {
 
}

Step 11 – Create testng.xml

TestNG.xml is used to run multiple tests in a single execution.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "https://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite">
  <test name="Cucumber Reporting">
  
  <classes>
  <class name = "com.example.testng.runner.CucumberRunnerTests"/>
  </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->

Step 12 – Run the tests from Command Line

Use the below command to execute the tests.

mvn clean test

The output of the above program is

Step 13 – Cucumber Report Generation

Refresh your project and check inside \target\cucumber-html-reports that the report generated with name feature-overview.

There are different types of HTML reports gets generated as a part of the test execution cycle.

1. feature-overview – This HTML report gives an overall overview of test execution. Main HTML report which covers all different sections like Features, Tags, Steps, and Failures.

2. failures-overview – This HTML report gives an overview of all failed tests.

3. step-overview – This HTML report shows step statistics for the current cycle.

4. tag-overview – This HTML report shows passing and failing statistics for different tags used in test execution.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Serenity Reports

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Serenity Reports are living documentation that contains the meaningful report for each Test. It illustrated narrative reports that document and describe what your application does and how it works.

Chapter 1  Serenity Report for Web Application with Cucumber6 and Junit
Chapter 2  Serenity Emailable HTML Report
Chapter 3  How to report Manual Tests in Serenity Report
Chapter 4  How to attach Test Evidence to Manual Tests in Serenity Report
Chapter 5  How to manage screenshots in Serenity Report
Chapter 6  Serenity Emailable Report in Gradle
Chapter 7  How to embed Custom Data in Serenity Report

How to install Maven Plugin in Jenkins

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In this tutorial, we are going to learn how we can install the Maven plugin and can create a Maven project in Jenkins.

Implementation Steps

Step 1: Create a project for running the tests using Selenium WebDriver and TestNG

Step 2: Create the Test Code

You can refer to this tutorial to get the test code – Integration Of Jenkins With Selenium WebDriver.

Step 3: Start the Jenkins server

Open the browser and navigate to the localhost and the port in which Jenkins is running.

http://localhost:8080/

Step 4: Log in to Jenkins UI

Provide username and password and click on Sign in.

Step 5: Download and Install Maven Plugin

Click on the Manage Jenkins.

Choose Manage Plugins.

Step 6: Add the Maven Integration plugin

On the Plugins Page, go to the Available option

  1. Select the Maven Integration Plugin
  2. Click on Install without restartThe plugin will take a few moments to finish downloading depending on your internet connection, and will be installed automatically.
  3. You can also select the option Download now and Install after the restart button. In which plugin is installed after the restart
  4. You will be shown a “No updates available” message if you already have the Maven plugin installed.

The plugin “Maven Integration” has been installed successfully.

Step 7: Restart Jenkins

Click on the checkbox “Restart Jenkins when installation is complete when no jobs are running“.

The Jenkins is being restarted, It is about to restart.

Again, log in to Jenkins UI.

Step 8: Create a new project using the Maven project plugin

  1. Give the Name of the project.
  2. Click on the Maven project. 
  3. Click on the OK button.

In the General section, enter the project description in the Description box.

Step 9: Build Management

Go to the Build section of the new job.

  • In the Root POM textbox, enter the full path to pom.xml
  • In the Goals and options section, enter “clean test

Click on Apply and Save buttons.

We have created a new Maven project SeleniumTestNG_MavenDemo” with the configuration to run the Selenium with TestNG Tests

 Step 10: Execute the tests

Click on the Build Now link. Maven will build the project. It will then have TestNG execute the test cases.

To see the current status of the execution, click on the “console output“.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Additional Tutorials on Jenkins

Allure Reports

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Allure Framework is a lightweight, flexible multi-language test report tool that not only displays a very concise representation of what has been tested in a neat web report form but also allows everyone involved in the development process to extract the most useful information from everyday test execution.

Chapter 1 What is Allure Report?
Chapter 2 Integration of Allure Report with Selenium and JUnit4
Chapter 3 Integration of Allure Report with Selenium and JUnit5
Chapter 4 Integration of Allure Report with Selenium and TestNG
Chapter 5 Allure Report with Cucumber5, Selenium and JUnit4
Chapter 6 Allure Report with Cucumber5, Selenium and TestNG
Chapter 7 Integration of Allure Report with Rest Assured and JUnit4
Chapter 8 Integration of Allure Report with Rest Assured and TestNG
Chapter 9 Gradle – Allure Report for Selenium and TestNG
Chapter 10 Gradle – Allure Report for Selenium and JUnit4
Chapter 11 Gradle – Allure Report for Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG
Chapter 12 Integration of Allure Report with Jenkins

ExtentReports Version 4 for Cucumber 5, Selenium, and TestNG

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The previous tutorial explained the generation of Allure Report with Cucumber5, Selenium and TestNG in a Maven project. In this tutorial, I will explain the steps to create an Extent Report4 with Cucumber5, Selenium, and TestNG in a Maven project.

Pre-Requisite:
  1. Java 8 or higher is needed for ExtentReport5
  2. Maven
  3. JAVA IDE (like Eclipse, IntelliJ, or so on)
  4. TestNG installed
  5. Cucumber Eclipse plugin (in case using Eclipse)

Project Structure

Step 1 – Add Maven dependencies to the POM

Add ExtentReport dependency.

<!-- Extent Report -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>com.aventstack</groupId>
	<artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
	<version>${extentreports.version}</version>
</dependency>

Add tech grasshopper maven dependency for Cucumber. The below version of extentreports-cucumber5-adapter dependency needs to be added to the POM, to work with ExtentReports version 4.

<!-- Cucumber ExtentReport Adapter -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>tech.grasshopper</groupId>
	<artifactId>extentreports-cucumber5-adapter</artifactId>
	<version>1.51</version>
</dependency>

If you want to use ExtentReport Version5, then use version – 2.13.0.

The complete POM.xml will look as shown below with other Selenium and TestNG dependencies.

<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<cucumber.version>5.7.0</cucumber.version>
		<extentreports.cucumber5.adapter.version>1.5.1</extentreports.cucumber5.adapter.version>
		<extentreports.version>4.1.7</extentreports.version>
		<selenium.version>3.141.59</selenium.version>
		<webdrivermanager.version>5.2.1</webdrivermanager.version>
		<testng.version>6.14.3</testng.version>
		<apache.common.version>2.4</apache.common.version>		
		<maven.compiler.plugin.version>3.7.0</maven.compiler.plugin.version>
		<maven.surefire.plugin.version>3.0.0-M5</maven.surefire.plugin.version>
		<maven.compiler.source.version>11</maven.compiler.source.version>
		<maven.compiler.target.version>11</maven.compiler.target.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-java</artifactId>
			<version>${cucumber.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
           <groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
           <artifactId>cucumber-testng</artifactId>
           <version>${cucumber.version}</version>
           <scope>test</scope>
       </dependency>

		<!-- Cucumber ExtentReport Adapter -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>tech.grasshopper</groupId>
			<artifactId>extentreports-cucumber5-adapter</artifactId>
			<version>${extentreports.cucumber5.adapter.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Extent Report -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.aventstack</groupId>
			<artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
			<version>${extentreports.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		
		<!-- Selenium -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
			<artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
			<version>${selenium.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Web Driver Manager -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.github.bonigarcia</groupId>
			<artifactId>webdrivermanager</artifactId>
			<version>${webdrivermanager.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- TestNG -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.testng</groupId>
			<artifactId>testng</artifactId>
			<version>${testng.version}</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Apache Common -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.directory.studio</groupId>
			<artifactId>org.apache.commons.io</artifactId>
			<version>${apache.common.version}</version>
		</dependency>

	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.compiler.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>${maven.compiler.source.version}</source> 
					<target>${maven.compiler.target.version}</target> 
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.surefire.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<suiteXmlFiles>
						<suiteXmlFile>testng.xml</suiteXmlFile>
					</suiteXmlFiles>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>

Step 2: Create a feature file in src/test/resources

Below is a sample feature file. I have added 2 failed scenarios – @FaceBookLink(Invalid XPath) and @MissingUsername (Incorrect Verification).

Feature: Login to HRM Application 

Background: 
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
  
   @ValidCredentials
   Scenario: Login with valid credentials
     
    When User enters username as "Admin" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to login sucessfully and new page opens
    
   @InvalidCredentials
   Scenario Outline: Login with invalid credentials
     
    When User enters username as "<username>" and password as "<password>"
    Then User should be able to see error message "<errorMessage>"
    
  Examples:
   | username   | password  | errorMessage                      |
   | Admin      | admin12$$ | Invalid credentials               |
   | admin$$    | admin123  | Invalid credentials               |
   | admin123   | Admin     | Invalid credentials               |
   | $$$$$$$    | &&&&&&&&  | Invalid credentials               |
      
  @FaceBookLink
  Scenario: Verfy FaceBook Icon on Login Page
     
    Then User should be able to see FaceBook Icon
    
  @MissingUsername
  Scenario: Verify error message when username is missing
     
    When User enters username as "" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to see error message for empty username as "Empty Username"
   

Step 3: Create extent.properties file in src/test/resources

We need to create the extent.properties file in the src/test/resources folder for the grasshopper extent report adapter to recognize it. Using a property file for reporting is quite helpful if you want to define several different properties.

Let’s enable spark report in an extent properties file:

extent.reporter.avent.start=false
extent.reporter.bdd.start=false
extent.reporter.cards.start=false
extent.reporter.email.start=false
extent.reporter.html.start=true
extent.reporter.klov.start=false
extent.reporter.logger.start=true
extent.reporter.tabular.start=false

extent.reporter.avent.config=
extent.reporter.bdd.config=
extent.reporter.cards.config=
extent.reporter.email.config=
extent.reporter.html.config=
extent.reporter.klov.config=
extent.reporter.logger.config=
extent.reporter.tabular.config=

extent.reporter.avent.out=Reports/AventReport/
extent.reporter.bdd.out=Reports/BddReport/
extent.reporter.cards.out=Reports/CardsReport/
extent.reporter.email.out=Reports/EmailReport/ExtentEmail.html
extent.reporter.html.out=Reports/HtmlReport/ExtentHtml.html
extent.reporter.logger.out=Reports/LoggerReport/
extent.reporter.tabular.out=Reports/TabularReport/

#Screenshot
screenshot.dir=Reports/Screenshots/
screenshot.rel.path=../Screenshots/

Step 4: Create a Helper class in src/main/java

We have used Page Object Model with Cucumber and TestNG.

Create a Helper class where we are initializing the web driver, initializing the web driver wait, defining the timeouts, and creating a private constructor of the class, it will declare the web driver, so whenever we create an object of this class, a new web browser is invoked. We are using a setter and getter method to get the object of Chromedriver with the help of a private constructor itself within the same class.

HelperClass

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;

public class HelperClass {
	
	private static HelperClass helperClass;
	
	private static WebDriver driver;
    public final static int TIMEOUT = 10;
	
	 private HelperClass() {
		 
			WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
	    	driver = new ChromeDriver();
	        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(TIMEOUT,TimeUnit.SECONDS);
	        driver.manage().window().maximize();

	 }      
	    	
    public static void openPage(String url) {
        driver.get(url);
    }
	
	public static WebDriver getDriver() {
		return driver;			
	}
	
	public static void setUpDriver() {
		
		if (helperClass==null) {		
			helperClass = new HelperClass();
		}
	}
	
	 public static void tearDown() {
		 
		 if(driver!=null) {
			 driver.close();
			 driver.quit();
		 }
		 
		 helperClass = null;

	 } 	
}

Step 5: Create Locator classes in src/main/java

Create a locator class for each page that contains the detail of the locators of all the web elements. Here, I’m creating 2 locator classes – LoginPageLocators and HomePageLocators.

LoginPageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class LoginPageLocators {

	@FindBy(name = "txtUsername")
    public WebElement userName;
 
    @FindBy(name = "txtPassword")
    public WebElement password;
 
    @FindBy(id = "logInPanelHeading")
    public WebElement titleText;
 
    @FindBy(id = "btnLogin")
    public WebElement login;
 
    @FindBy(id = "spanMessage")
    public  WebElement errorMessage;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='social-icons']/a[1]/img")
    public  WebElement linkedInIcon;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='social-icons']/a[6]/img")  //Invalid Xpath
    public  WebElement faceBookIcon;
     
}

HomePageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class HomePageLocators {

	@FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/h5")
	public  WebElement homePageUserName;
 
}

Step 6: Create Action classes in src/main/java

Create the action classes for each web page. These action classes contain all the methods needed by the step definitions. In this case, I have created 2 action classes – LoginPageActions and HomePageActions

LoginPageActions

In this class, the very first thing will do is to create the object of the LoginPageLocators class so that we should be able to access all the PageFactory elements. Secondly, create a public constructor of LoginPageActions class.

package com.example.testng.actions;

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.testng.locators.LoginPageLocators;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;

public class LoginPageActions {

LoginPageLocators loginPageLocators = null; 
	
    public LoginPageActions() {

    	this.loginPageLocators = new LoginPageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),loginPageLocators);
	}
    
    public void login(String strUserName, String strPassword) {
    	 
        // Fill user name
    	loginPageLocators.userName.sendKeys(strUserName);
 
        // Fill password
    	loginPageLocators.password.sendKeys(strPassword);
 
        // Click Login button
    	loginPageLocators.login.click(); 
    }
 
    //Get the title of Login Page")
    public String getLoginTitle() {
        return loginPageLocators.titleText.getText();
    }
     
    // Get the error message of Login Page
    public String getErrorMessage() {
        return loginPageLocators.errorMessage.getText();
    }
    
    // FaceBook Icon is displayed
    public Boolean getFaceBookIcon() {
   
        return loginPageLocators.faceBookIcon.isDisplayed();
    }
    
    // Get the error message when username is blank
    public String getMissingUsernameText() {
         return loginPageLocators.missingUsernameErrorMessage.getText();
     }
}

HomePageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.testng.locators.HomePageLocators;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;

public class HomePageActions {

	HomePageLocators homePageLocators = null;
   
	public HomePageActions() {
    	
		this.homePageLocators = new HomePageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),homePageLocators);
    }
 
    // Get the User name from Home Page
    public String getHomePageText() {
        return homePageLocators.homePageUserName.getText();
    }

}

Step 7: Create a Step Definition file in src/test/java

Create the corresponding Step Definition file of the feature file.

LoginPageDefinitions

import org.testng.Assert;
import com.example.testng.actions.HomePageActions;
import com.example.testng.actions.LoginPageActions;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Given;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Then;
import io.cucumber.java.en.When;

public class LoginPageDefinitions{	

	LoginPageActions objLogin = new LoginPageActions();
    HomePageActions objHomePage = new HomePageActions();
 
    @Given("User is on HRMLogin page {string}")
    public void loginTest(String url) {
    	
    	HelperClass.openPage(url);
 
    }
 
    @When("User enters username as {string} and password as {string}")
    public void goToHomePage(String userName, String passWord) {
 
        // login to application
        objLogin.login(userName, passWord);
 
        // go the next page
        
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to login sucessfully and new page opens")
    public void verifyLogin() {
 
        // Verify home page
       Assert.assertTrue(objHomePage.getHomePageText().contains("Employee Information"));
 
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see error message {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessage(String expectedErrorMessage) {
 
        // Verify home page
    	Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getErrorMessage(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }
     
    @Then("User should be able to see FaceBook Icon")
    public void verifyFaceBookIcon( ) {
    	
    	Assert.assertTrue(objLogin.getFaceBookIcon());
    }     

    @Then("User should be able to see error message for empty username as {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessageForEmptyUsername(String expectedErrorMessage) {
    	 
    	Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getMissingUsernameText(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }      
}

Step 8: Create Hook class in src/test/java

Create the hook class that contains the Before and After hooks. @Before hook contains the method to call the setup driver which will initialize the chrome driver. This will be run before any test.

After Hook – Here will call the tearDown method.

import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
import com.example.testng.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.After;
import io.cucumber.java.Before;
import io.cucumber.java.Scenario;

public class Hooks {
	
	@Before
    public static void setUp() {

       HelperClass.setUpDriver();
    }
	
	@After
	public static void tearDown(Scenario scenario) {
		//validate if scenario has failed
		if(scenario.isFailed()) {
			final byte[] screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot) HelperClass.getDriver()).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.BYTES);
			scenario.attach(screenshot, "image/png", scenario.getName()); 
		}	
		
		HelperClass.tearDown();
	}
}

Step 9: Create a Cucumber Test Runner class in src/test/java

Add the extent report cucumber adapter to the runner class’s CucumberOption annotation. 

 plugin = {"com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:"}

This is how your runner class should look after being added to our project. Moreover, be sure to keep the colon “:” at the end.

import io.cucumber.testng.AbstractTestNGCucumberTests;
import io.cucumber.testng.CucumberOptions;
 
@CucumberOptions(tags = "", features = "src/test/resources/features/LoginPage.feature", glue = "com.example.testng.definitions",
                 plugin = {"com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:"})
 
public class CucumberRunnerTests extends AbstractTestNGCucumberTests {
 
}

Step 10: Create the testng.xml for the project

Right-click on the project and select TestNG -> convert to TestNG.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "https://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite">
  <test name="ExtentReport4 for Cucumber">
  
  <classes>
  <class name = "com.example.testng.runner.CucumberRunnerTests"/>
  </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->

Step 11: Execute the code

Right Click on the Runner class and select Run As -> TestNG Test.

Below is the screenshot of the Console. As expected, 5 tests, out of 7 are passed and 2 failed.

Step 12: View ExtentReport

Refresh the project and will see a new folder – Report. The ExtentReport will be present in that folder with the name Spark.html.

Right-click and select Open with Web Browser.

The report also has a summary section that displays the summary of the execution. The summary includes the overview of the pass/fail using a pictogram, start time, end time, and pass/fail details of features as shown in the image below.

Click on the Dashboard icon present on the left side of the report. To view the details about the steps, click on the scenarios. Clicking on the scenario will expand, showing off the details of the steps of each scenario.

The icon present at the end of the failed scenario is highlighted, click on that icon. It is the screenshot of the failed test.

Logger Report

This is the Dashboard Report.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Gradle – Extent Report Version 5 for Cucumber, Selenium, and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained the generation of Extent Reports Version 5 for Cucumber 7 and TestNG in a Maven project. In this tutorial, I will explain the steps to create an Extent Report Version 5 for Cucumber, Selenium, and TestNG in a Gradle project.

Pre Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or above installed
  2. Eclipse or IntelliJ IDE installed
  3. Gradle Installed
  4. Environment variables JAVA_HOME and GRADLE_HOME are correctly configured

In this tutorial, I’ll create a BDD Framework for the testing of web applications using Cucumber, and Selenium WebDriver with TestNG. This framework consists of:-

  1. Cucumber Java- 7.6.0
  2. Cucumber JUnit– 7.6.0
  3. Java 11
  4. TestNG – 7.6.0
  5. Gradle – 7.5.1
  6. Selenium – 4.3.0
  7. ExtentReport – 5.0.9
  8. GrassHopper Cucumber Adapter – 1.7.0

Implementation Steps

  1. Add ExtentReport dependency to the build.gradle
  2. Add ExtentCucumberAdapter plugin to task cucumber
  3. Add Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG, and dependencies in build.gradle
  4. Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file
  5. Create extent.properties file in the resources folder and paste the below code
  6. Execute the Tests
  7. View the Extent Report

There is a tutorial that explains the Integration of Cucumber, Selenium, and TestNG in a Gradle project. Please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG.

Step 1 – Add Extent Report dependency to the build.gradle

To create an Extent Report, we need to add the below-mentioned dependency in the build.gradle

implementation 'tech.grasshopper:extentreports-cucumber7-adapter:1.7.0'
implementation 'com.aventstack:extentreports:5.0.9'  

Step 2 – Add ExtentCucumberAdapter plugin to task cucumber
task cucumber() {
    dependsOn assemble, compileTestJava
    doLast {
        javaexec {         
            main = "io.cucumber.core.cli.Main"
            classpath = configurations.cucumberRuntime + sourceSets.main.output + sourceSets.test.output
            args = ['--plugin', 'pretty', 
            '--plugin', 'io.qameta.allure.cucumber7jvm.AllureCucumber7Jvm',
            '--plugin', 'com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:',
            '--glue', 'com.example.definitions', 'src/test/resources']
        }
    }
}

Step 3 – Add Cucumber, Selenium, and TestNG dependencies in build.gradle
dependencies {

    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-java:7.6.0'
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-junit:7.6.0'
    
     //TestNG  
     testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.6.0'
    
    //ExtentReport    
    implementation 'tech.grasshopper:extentreports-cucumber7-adapter:1.7.0'
    implementation 'com.aventstack:extentreports:5.0.9' 

    // This dependency is used by the application.
    implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:30.1.1-jre'
    implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
    implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
}

The complete build.gradle is shown below:

plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

java {
    sourceCompatibility = 11
    targetCompatibility = 11
}

dependencies {
   
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-java:7.6.0'
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-testng:7.6.0'
             
    //TestNG  
     testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.6.0'
      
    //ExtentReport    
     implementation 'tech.grasshopper:extentreports-cucumber7-adapter:1.7.0'
     implementation 'com.aventstack:extentreports:5.0.9'  
      
     //Others  
     implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
     implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
     implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'

}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG()
}

configurations {
    cucumberRuntime {
        extendsFrom testImplementation
    }
}

task cucumber() {
    dependsOn assemble, compileTestJava
    doLast {
        javaexec {         
            main = "io.cucumber.core.cli.Main"
            classpath = configurations.cucumberRuntime + sourceSets.main.output + sourceSets.test.output
            args = ['--plugin', 'pretty', 
            '--plugin', 'io.qameta.allure.cucumber7jvm.AllureCucumber7Jvm',
            '--plugin', 'com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:',
            '--glue', 'com.example.definitions', 'src/test/resources']
        }
    }
}

Step 4 – Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file

As mentioned above, there is another tutorial that explains the project structure as well as the feature file and corresponding Step Definitions, please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium, and TestNG.

Step 5 – Create extent.properties file in the resources folder and paste the below code
#Extent Report
extent.reporter.spark.start=true
extent.reporter.spark.out=Reports/Spark.html
 
#PDF Report
extent.reporter.pdf.start=true
extent.reporter.pdf.out=PdfReport/ExtentPdf.pdf
 
#HTML Report
extent.reporter.html.start=true
extent.reporter.html.out=HtmlReport/ExtentHtml.html
 
#FolderName
basefolder.name=ExtentReports/SparkReport_
basefolder.datetimepattern=d_MMM_YY HH_mm_ss
 
#Screenshot
screenshot.dir=/Screenshots/
screenshot.rel.path=../Screenshots/
 
#Base64
extent.reporter.spark.base64imagesrc=true
 
#System Info
systeminfo.os=windows
systeminfo.version=10

Step 6 – Execute the Tests

Go to the app project and run the tests, using the below command

gradle cucumber

The output of the above program is

Step 7: View the ExtentReports

Refresh the project and will see a new folder – SparkReport_ which further contains 4 folders -Html Report, Pdf Report, Reports, and Screenshots.

The Extent Report will be present in the Report’s folder with the name Spark.html. PDF Report is present in the Pdf Report folder and HTML Report is present in the HTML report folder. We can see that the Screenshot’s folder is empty because we have used the base64imagesrc feature, which resulted in no physical screenshots. The screenshots are embedded in the reports.

Right-click and open the ExtentHtml.html report with the Web Browser. The report also has a summary section that displays the summary of the execution. The summary includes the overview of the pass/fail using a pictogram, start time, end time, and pass/fail details of features as shown in the image below.

ExtentHtml.html

The failed test has a screenshot embedded in it. Double-click on mase64image, and it will open the screenshot in full screen.

Screenshot of failed Test Case

PDF Report

To know more about PDF Report generation, please refer to this tutorial – PDF ExtentReport for Cucumber and TestNG.

Spark Report

Right-click and open the Spark.html report with the Web Browser.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Gradle – Allure Report for Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained generation of Allure Report with Cucumber5, Selenium and TestNG in a Maven project. In this tutorial, I will explain the steps to create an Allure Report with Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG in a Gradle project.

Pre Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or above installed
  2. Eclipse or IntelliJ IDE installed
  3. Gradle Installed
  4. Environment variables JAVA_HOME and GRADLE_HOME correctly configured

In this tutorial, I’ll create a BDD Framework for the testing of web applications using CucumberSelenium WebDriver with TestNG. This framework consists of:-

  1. Cucumber Java- 7.6.0
  2. Cucumber TestNG – 7.6.0
  3. Java 11
  4. TestNG – 7.6.0
  5. Gradle – 7.5.1
  6. Selenium – 4.3.0
  7. AspectJ Weaver – 1.9.7

Project Structure

Implementation Steps

  1. Add Cucumber, Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-TestNG dependencies in build.gradle
  2. Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file and Test Runner Class
  3. Execute the Tests
  4. Generate Allure Report

There is a tutorial that explains the Integration of Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG in a Gradle project. Please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG.

Step 1 – Add Cucumber, Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-TestNG dependencies in build.gradle

/*
 * This file was generated by the Gradle 'init' task.
 *
 */

plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
    id 'io.qameta.allure' version '2.11.0'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

java {
    sourceCompatibility = 11
    targetCompatibility = 11
}

dependencies {
   
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-java:7.6.0'
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-testng:7.6.0'
          
     // Allure 
     implementation 'io.qameta.allure:allure-cucumber7-jvm:2.19.0'
     runtimeOnly 'org.aspectj:aspectjweaver:1.9.7'
     
     //TestNG  
      testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.6.0'
      
     //Others  
     implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
     implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
     implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'

}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG()
}

configurations {
    cucumberRuntime {
        extendsFrom testImplementation
    }
}

task cucumber() {
    dependsOn assemble, compileTestJava
    doLast {
        javaexec {
         systemProperty("allure.results.directory", "build/allure-results")
         
            main = "io.cucumber.core.cli.Main"
            classpath = configurations.cucumberRuntime + sourceSets.main.output + sourceSets.test.output
            args = ['--plugin', 'pretty',
            '--glue', 'com.example.definitions', 'src/test/resources']
        }
    }
}

Step 2 – Create Locator and Action classes and Step Definition corresponding to the feature file and Test Runner Class

As mentioned above, there is another tutorial that explains the project structure as well as the feature file and corresponding Step Definitions, please refer to this tutorial – Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG.

Step 3 – Execute the Tests

Go to the app project and run the tests, using the below command

gradle cucumber

The output of the test execution is

Step 4 – Generate the Allure Report

Once the test execution is finished, a folder named allure-results will be generated in the build folder.

Note:- Make sure that you move to folder app, because build folder is present in app folder.

To generate Allure Report, use the below command

allure serve build/allure-results

This will generate the beautiful Allure Test Report as shown below.

Allure Report Dashboard

The overview page hosts several default widgets representing basic characteristics of your project and test environment.

  1. Statistics – overall report statistics.
  2. Launches – if this report represents several test launches, statistics per launch will be shown here.
  3. Behaviors – information on results aggregated according to stories and features.
  4. Executors – information on test executors that were used to run the tests.
  5. History Trend – if tests accumulated some historical data, its trend will be calculated and shown on the graph.
  6. Environment – information on the test environment.

Categories in Allure Report

The categories tab gives you the way to create custom defects classification to apply for test results. There are two categories of defects – Product Defects (failed tests) and Test Defects (broken tests).

Suites in Allure Report

On the Suites tab a standard structural representation of executed tests, grouped by suites and classes can be found.

Graphs in Allure Report

Graphs allow you to see different statistics collected from the test data: status breakdown or severity and duration diagrams.

Timeline in Allure Report

The timeline tab visualizes retrospective test execution, allure adaptors collect precise timings of tests, and here on this tab, they are arranged accordingly to their sequential or parallel timing structure.

Behaviors of Allure Report

This tab groups test results according to Epic, Feature, Story, Test Severity, Test Description, Test Steps, and so on.

Packages in Allure Report

The packages tab represents a tree-like layout of test results, grouped by different packages.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Gradle Project with Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained the Integration of Cucumber with Selenium and TestNG in a Maven Project. This tutorial explains the test automation framework based on Gradle, Cucumber, Selenium and TestNG.

Pre Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or above installed
  2. Eclipse or IntelliJ IDE installed
  3. Gradle Installed
  4. Environment variables JAVA_HOME and GRADLE_HOME correctly configured

In this tutorial, I’ll create a BDD Framework for the testing of web applications using Cucumber, Selenium WebDriver with TestNG. This framework consists of:-

  1. Cucumber Java- 7.6.0
  2. Cucumber TestNG – 7.6.0
  3. Java 11
  4. TestNG – 7.6.0
  5. Gradle – 7.5.1
  6. Selenium – 4.3.0

Project Structure

Steps to set up Cucumber Test Automation Framework with Selenium and TestNG

  1. Download and Install Java on the system
  2. Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system
  3. Install and setup Gradle
  4. Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin (For Eclipse IDE)
  5. Create a new Gradle Project
  6. Add SeleniumTestNG, and Cucumber dependencies to the build.gradle
  7. Create a feature file under src/test/resources
  8. Create the classes for locators, actions and utilities in src/main/java
  9. Create the Step Definition class or Glue Code in src/test/java
  10. Create a Hook class to contain the initialization and closing of browser in src/test/java
  11. Create a TestNG Cucumber Runner class in src/test/java
  12. Run the tests from Command Line
  13. Cucumber Report Generation

Implementation Steps

Step 1- Download and Install Java

Cucumber and Selenium need Java to be installed on the system to run the tests. Click here to know How to install Java.

Step 2 – Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system

The Eclipse IDE (integrated development environment) provides strong support for Java developers. Click here to know How to install Eclipse.

Step 3 – Setup Maven

To build a test framework, we need to add a number of dependencies to the project. Click here to know How to install Maven.

Step 4 – Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin

The cucumber plugin is an Eclipse plugin that allows eclipse to understand the Gherkin syntax. When we are working with cucumber we will write the feature files that contain Feature, Scenario, Given, When, Then, And, But, Tags, Scenario Outline, and Examples. By default, eclipse doesn’t understand these keywords so it doesn’t show any syntax highlighter. Cucumber Eclipse Plugin highlights the keywords present in Feature File. Refer to this tutorial to get more detail – How to setup Cucumber with Eclipse.

Step 5 – Create a new Gradle Project

Below are the steps to create the Gradle project from command line.

If you want to create the Gradle project from Eclipse IDE, click here to know How to create a Gradle Java project. Below is the structure of the Gradle project.

Step 6 – Add Selenium, TestNG, and Cucumber dependencies to the build.gradle

Add below mentioned Selenium, TestNG, and Cucumber dependencies to the project.

I have added WebDriverManager dependency to the POM.xml to download the driver binaries automatically. To know more about this, please refer to this tutorial – How to manage driver executables using WebDriverManager.

/*
 * This file was generated by the Gradle 'init' task.
 *
 * This generated file contains a sample Java application project to get you started.
 */

plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
    id 'io.qameta.allure' version '2.11.0'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

java {
    sourceCompatibility = 11
    targetCompatibility = 11
}

dependencies {
   
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-java:7.6.0'
    testImplementation 'io.cucumber:cucumber-testng:7.6.0'
            
     //TestNG  
      testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.6.0'
      
     //Others  
     implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
     implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
     implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG()
}

configurations {
    cucumberRuntime {
        extendsFrom testImplementation
    }
}

task cucumber() {
    dependsOn assemble, testClasses
    doLast {
        javaexec {
         
            main = "io.cucumber.core.cli.Main"
            classpath = configurations.cucumberRuntime + sourceSets.main.output + sourceSets.test.output
            args = ['--plugin', 'pretty', 
            '--glue', 'com.example.definitions', 'src/test/resources']
        }
    }
}

Step 7 – Create a feature file in the src/test/resources directory

Create a folder with name features. Now, create the feature file in this folder. The feature file should be saved with extension .feature. This feature file contains the test scenarios created to test the application. The Test Scenarios are written in Gherkins language in the format of Given, When, Then, And, But.

Feature: Login to HRM Application 

Background: 
   Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
 
   @ValidCredentials
   Scenario: Login with valid credentials
     
    When User enters username as "Admin" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to login sucessfully and new page open
    
   @InvalidCredentials
   Scenario Outline: Login with invalid credentials
     
    When User enters username as "<username>" and password as "<password>"
    Then User should be able to see error message "<errorMessage>"
    
  Examples:
  | username   | password  | errorMessage                      |
  | Admin      | admin12$$ | Invalid credentials               |
  | admin$$    | admin123  | Invalid credentials               |
  | abc123     | xyz$$     | Invalid credentials               |
  
 
   @MissingUsername
   Scenario: Verify error message when username is missing
     
    When User enters username as "" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to see error message "Empty Username"

Step 8 – Create the classes for locators, actions and utilities in src/main/java

Below is the sample code of the LoginPageLocators.

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class LoginPageLocators {

	@FindBy(name = "username")
    public WebElement userName;
  
    @FindBy(name = "password")
    public WebElement password;
  
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")
    public WebElement login;
  
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")
    public  WebElement errorMessage;
     
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[1]/div/span")
    public WebElement missingUsernameErrorMessage;
       
}

Below is the sample code for the HomePageLocators.

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class HomePageLocators {

	   @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/h5")
	   public  WebElement homePageUserName;
 
}

Create the action classes for each web page. These action classes contain all the methods needed by the step definitions. In this case, I have created 2 action classes – LoginPageActions and HomePageActions .

LoginPageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.locators.LoginPageLocators;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;

public class LoginPageActions {

	LoginPageLocators loginPageLocators = null; 
	
    public LoginPageActions() {

    	this.loginPageLocators = new LoginPageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),loginPageLocators);
	}
    
    public void login(String strUserName, String strPassword) {
 
    	loginPageLocators.userName.sendKeys(strUserName);
    	loginPageLocators.password.sendKeys(strPassword);
    	loginPageLocators.login.click();
 
    }
    
    // Get the error message when invalid credentials are provided
    public String getErrorMessage() {
        return loginPageLocators.errorMessage.getText();
    }
    
 
   // Get the error message when username is blank
   public String getMissingUsernameText() {
        return loginPageLocators.missingUsernameErrorMessage.getText();
    }
}

HomePageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;

import com.example.locators.HomePageLocators;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;

public class HomePageActions {

	HomePageLocators homePageLocators = null;
   
	public HomePageActions() {
    	
		this.homePageLocators = new HomePageLocators();

		PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),homePageLocators);
    }

    // Get the User name from Home Page
    public String getHomePageText() {
        return homePageLocators.homePageUserName.getText();
    }

}

Create a Helper class where we are initializing the web driver, initializing the web driver wait, defining the timeouts, and creating a private constructor of the class, within it will declare the web driver, so whenever we create an object of this class, a new web browser is invoked. 

import java.time.Duration;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;

public class HelperClass {
	
	private static HelperClass helperClass;	
	private static WebDriver driver;
    public final static int TIMEOUT = 10;
		
	 private HelperClass() {
		 
			WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
	    	driver = new ChromeDriver();
	        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(Duration.ofSeconds(TIMEOUT));
	        driver.manage().window().maximize();

	 }      
	    	

    public static void openPage(String url) {
        driver.get(url);
    }

	
	public static WebDriver getDriver() {
		return driver;				
	}
	
	public static void setUpDriver() {
		
		if (helperClass==null) {
			
			helperClass = new HelperClass();
		}
	}
	
	 public static void tearDown() {
		 
		 if(driver!=null) {
			 driver.close();
			 driver.quit();
		 }
		 
		 helperClass = null;
	 } 
	
}

Step 9 – Create the Step Definition class or Glue Code in src/test/java

Now, we need to create the Step Definition of Feature File – LoginPageDefinitions.java.

import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.SkipException;
import com.example.actions.HomePageActions;
import com.example.actions.LoginPageActions;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Given;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Then;
import io.cucumber.java.en.When;

public class LoginPageDefinitions {
		
	LoginPageActions objLogin = new LoginPageActions();
    HomePageActions objHomePage = new HomePageActions();
		
    @Given("User is on HRMLogin page {string}")
    public void loginTest(String url) {
    	
    	HelperClass.openPage(url);
 
    }
 
    @When("User enters username as {string} and password as {string}")
    public void goToHomePage(String userName, String passWord) {
 
        objLogin.login(userName, passWord);
        
    }
 
    @Then("User should be able to login sucessfully and new page open")
    public void verifyLogin() {
 
        Assert.assertTrue(objHomePage.getHomePageText().contains("Employee Information"));
 
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see error message {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessageForInvalidCredentials(String expectedErrorMessage) {
 
        Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getErrorMessage(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }
  
    
    @Then("User should be able to see error message for empty username as {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessageForEmptyUsername(String expectedErrorMessage) {
    	       Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getMissingUsernameText(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }
 
}

Step 10 – Create a Hook class to contain the initialization and closing of browser in src/test/java

import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.After;
import io.cucumber.java.Before;
import io.cucumber.java.Scenario;

public class BaseClass {

	@Before
    public static void setUp() {

       HelperClass.setUpDriver();
    }


	@After
	public static void tearDown(Scenario scenario) {

		//validate if scenario has failed
		if(scenario.isFailed()) {
			final byte[] screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot) HelperClass.getDriver()).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.BYTES);
			scenario.attach(screenshot, "image/png", scenario.getName()); 
		}	
		
		HelperClass.tearDown();
	}
}
Step 11 – Create a TestNG Cucumber Runner class in src/test/java

Cucumber needs a TestRunner class to run the feature files. It is suggested to create a folder with the name of the runner in the src/test/java directory and create the Cucumber TestRunner class in this folder. Below is the code of the Cucumber TestRunner class.

import io.cucumber.testng.AbstractTestNGCucumberTests;
import io.cucumber.testng.CucumberOptions;
   
@CucumberOptions(tags = "", features = {"src/test/resources/features/LoginPage.feature"}, glue = {"com.example.definitions"})
   
public class CucumberRunnerTests extends AbstractTestNGCucumberTests {
   
}

Step 12 – Run the tests from Command Line

Run the below command in the command prompt to run the tests and to get the test execution report.

gradle cucumber

The output of the above program is

Step 13 – Cucumber Report Generation

To get Cucumber Test Reports, add cucumber.properties under src/test/resources and add the below instruction in the file.

cucumber.publish.enabled=true

Below is the image of the Cucumber Report generated using Cucumber Service.

In the above example as we can see, one of the test has failed. So, when a test fails, we have written the code to take the screenshot of the failed step. The highlighted box above shows the image of the failed test. You can click on that to see the screenshot.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Gradle – Allure Report for Selenium and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained the generation of Allure Report for Selenium and TestNG in a Maven Project. This tutorial explains the generation of Allure Report for Selenium and TestNG in a Gradle project.

Pre-Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or higher installed
  2. Gradle installed
  3. Eclipse or IntelliJ installed

This framework consists of:

  1. Selenium – 4.3
  2. Java 11
  3. TestNG – 7.6.1
  4. Gradle – 7.5.1
  5. Allure Maven Plugin – 2.11.0
  6. Allure TestNG – 2.19.1

Project Structure

To create a Gradle project from the command line, please refer to this tutorial – How to create a Java Gradle project using Command Line.

Implementation Steps

  1. Add Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-TestNG dependencies in build.gradle
  2. Create Pages and Test Code for the pages
  3. Create testng.xml
  4. Execute the Tests
  5. Generate Allure Report

Step 1 – Add Selenium, TestNG, and Allure-TestNG dependencies in the build.gradle

plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
    id 'io.qameta.allure' version '2.11.0'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

java {
    sourceCompatibility = 11
    targetCompatibility = 11
}

dependencies {

    
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.6.1'

    // This dependency is used by the application.
    implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
    implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
    implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
    implementation 'io.qameta.allure:allure-testng:2.19.0'
}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG() {
    
    useDefaultListeners = true
    suites "./testng.xml"
 
   }
   
    testLogging {
        events "PASSED", "FAILED", "SKIPPED"
        exceptionFormat = 'full'
    }
}

Step 2 – Create Pages and Test Code for the pages

Below is the sample project which uses Selenium and TestNG which is used to generate an Allure Report.

We have used the PageFactory model to build the tests. I have created a package named pages and created the page classes in that folder. Page class contains the locators of each web element present on that particular page along with the methods of performing actions using these web elements.

This is the BaseClass that contains the PageFactory.initElements. The initElements is a static method of PageFactory class that is used to initialize all the web elements located by @FindBy annotation. 

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;

public class BasePage {	

	  public WebDriver driver;

	  public BasePage(WebDriver driver) {
		  this.driver = driver;
		  PageFactory.initElements(driver,this);
	}

}

Below is the code for LoginPage and HomePage

LoginPage

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class LoginPage extends BasePage{
	
	 public LoginPage(WebDriver driver) {
		 super(driver);
		
    }
	
	@FindBy(name = "username")
    public WebElement userName;
 
    @FindBy(name = "password")
    public WebElement password;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[1]/div/span")
    public WebElement missingUsernameErrorMessage;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[1]/div/span")
    public WebElement missingPasswordErrorMessage;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")
    public WebElement login;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")
    public  WebElement errorMessage;
          
   // Get the error message when password is blank
    public String getMissingPasswordText() {
        return missingPasswordErrorMessage.getText();
    }
      
    // Get the Error Message
    public String getErrorMessage() {
        return errorMessage.getText();
    }
    
    public void login(String strUserName, String strPassword) {
 
    	userName.sendKeys(strUserName);
    	password.sendKeys(strPassword);
    	login.click();
    }

}

HomePage

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class HomePage extends BasePage {

	public HomePage(WebDriver driver) {
		super(driver);

	}

	 @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/h5")
	  public  WebElement homePageUserName;

	  // Get the User name from Home Page
	    public String getHomePageText() {
	       return homePageUserName.getText();
   }

}

Here, we have BaseTests Class also which contains the common methods needed by other test pages.

import java.time.Duration;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeMethod;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;
import io.qameta.allure.Step;

public class BaseTests {
	
	public WebDriver driver;
	public final static int TIMEOUT = 30;
    
	@BeforeMethod
    @Step("Start the application")
    public void setup() {
    	WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
	    driver = new ChromeDriver();
	    driver.manage().window().maximize();
	    driver.get("https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/");	    
	    driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(Duration.ofSeconds(TIMEOUT));

    }
 
    @Step("Stop the application")
    @AfterMethod
    public void tearDown() {
        driver.quit();
    }
    
}

LoginTests

import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import io.qameta.allure.Description;
import io.qameta.allure.Severity;
import io.qameta.allure.SeverityLevel;

public class LoginTests extends BaseTests{
	 
	@Severity(SeverityLevel.NORMAL)
    @Test(description = "This test validates error message when credentials are incorrect", priority = 0)
	@Description("Test Description : Login Test with invalid credentials")
    public void invalidCredentials() {
   
	    LoginPage objLoginPage = new LoginPage(driver);
    	objLoginPage.login("Admin", "admin123$$");
    	 
    	// Verify Error Message
    	 Assert.assertEquals(objLoginPage.getErrorMessage(),"Invalid credentials");
    
    }
    
	@Severity(SeverityLevel.BLOCKER)
    @Test(description = "This test validates login to the application", priority = 1)
	@Description("Test Description : Login Test with valid credentials")
    public void gotoHomePage() {
   
	    LoginPage objLoginPage = new LoginPage(driver);
    	objLoginPage.login("Admin", "admin123");
    	 
    	HomePage objHomePage = new HomePage(driver);
    	
    	// Verify Home Page
    	 Assert.assertEquals(objHomePage.getHomePageText(),"Employee Information");
    
    }
    
	@Severity(SeverityLevel.NORMAL)
    @Test(description = "This test will fail", priority = 2)
	@Description("Test Description : Login Test with missing username")
    public void missingUsername() {
   
	    LoginPage objLoginPage = new LoginPage(driver);
    	objLoginPage.login("", "admin123");
    	    	
    	// Verify Error Message
   	        	 Assert.assertEquals(objLoginPage.getMissingUsernameText(),"Invalid credentials");
    
    }
	
	@Severity(SeverityLevel.NORMAL)
    @Test(description = "This test will skip", priority = 3, enabled = false)
	@Description("Test Description : Login Test with missing password")
    public void missingPassword() {
   
	    LoginPage objLoginPage = new LoginPage(driver);
    	objLoginPage.login("admin", "");
    	    	
    	// Verify Error Message
   	     Assert.assertEquals(objLoginPage.getErrorMessage(),"Invalid credentials");
    
    }
     
}

Step 3 – Create testng.xml

Right-click on the project and select TestNG -> Convert to TestNG.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "https://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite">
  <test name="Gradle - Selenium with TestNG Tests">
    <classes>
      <class name="com.example.LoginTests"/>
    </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->

Step 4 – Execute the Tests

Note:- As you can see my project has two parts – the app and GradleSeleniumTestNG.

Go to the app project and run the tests, using the below command

gradle clean test

The output of the test execution is

Step 5 – Generate the Allure Report

Once the test execution is finished, a folder named allure-results will be generated in the build folder.

To generate Allure Report, use the below command

allure serve build/allure-results

This will generate the beautiful Allure Test Report as shown below.

Allure Report Dashboard

The overview page hosts several default widgets representing the basic characteristics of your project and test environment.

  1. Statistics – overall report statistics.
  2. Launches – if this report represents several test launches, statistics per launch will be shown here.
  3. Behaviors – information on results aggregated according to stories and features.
  4. Executors – information on test executors that were used to run the tests.
  5. History Trend – if tests accumulated some historical data, its trend will be calculated and shown on the graph.
  6. Environment – information on the test environment.

Categories in Allure Report

The categories tab gives you a way to create custom defects classifications to apply for test results. There are two categories of defects – Product Defects (failed tests) and Test Defects (broken tests).

Suites in Allure Report

On the Suites tab a standard structural representation of executed tests, grouped by suites and classes can be found.

Here, I have used TestNG, so to skip the tests have used enabled. But, in the Allure Report, it is marked as unknown (pink color).

Graphs in Allure Report

Graphs allow you to see different statistics collected from the test data: status breakdown or severity and duration diagrams.

Timeline in Allure Report

The timeline tab visualizes retrospective test execution, allure adaptors collect precise timings of tests, and here on this tab, they are arranged accordingly to their sequential or parallel timing structure.

Behaviors of Allure Report

This tab groups test results according to Epic, Feature, Story, Test Severity, Test Description, Test Steps, and so on.

Packages in Allure Report

The packages tab represents a tree-like layout of test results, grouped by different packages.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

How to create Gradle project with Selenium and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained How to create Java Gradle project in Eclipse. In this tutorial, I will explain how we can set up a Gradle project with Selenium and TestNG.

This framework consists of:

  • Java 8 or above
  • TestNG – 7.6.1
  • Gradle – 7.5.1 (Build Tool)
  • Selenium – 4.3.0

Steps to set up Gradle Java Project for Selenium and TestNG

  • Download and Install Java on the system
  • Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system
  • Setup Gradle on System
  • Create a new Gradle Project
  • Add Selenium and TestNG dependencies to the Gradle project
  • Add Gradle Test Task to build.gradle
  • Create Test Code under src/test/java
  • Create testng.xml
  • Run the tests from TestNG
  • Run the tests from Command Line
  • TestNG and Gradle Report generation

Implementation Steps

Step 1- Download and Install Java

Selenium needs Java to be installed on the system to run the tests. Click here to know How to install Java.

Step 2 – Download and setup Eclipse IDE on the system

The Eclipse IDE (integrated development environment) provides strong support for Java developers. Click here to know How to install Eclipse.

Step 3 – Setup Gradle

To build a test framework, we need to add several dependencies to the project. This can be achieved by any build tool. I have used Gradle Build Tool. Click here to know How to install Gradle.

Step 4 – Create a new Gradle Project

Below are the steps to create the Gradle project from command line.

If you want to create the Gradle project from Eclipse IDE, click here to know How to create a Gradle Java project. Below is the structure of the Gradle project.

Step 5 – Add Selenium and TestNG dependencies to the Gradle project
dependencies {
   
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.4.0'

    // This dependency is used by the application.
    implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
    implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
    implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
}

Step 6 – Add Gradle Test Task to build.gradle 
tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG() {
    useDefaultListeners = true
	outputDirectory = file("$projectDir/TestNG_Reports")
   }
 reports.html.setDestination(file("$projectDir/GradleReports"))
}

The complete gradle.build looks like something shown below.

*
 * This file was generated by the Gradle 'init' task.
*
plugins {
    // Apply the application plugin to add support for building a CLI application in Java.
    id 'application'
}

repositories {
    // Use Maven Central for resolving dependencies.
    mavenCentral()
}

dependencies {
    // Use TestNG framework, also requires calling test.useTestNG() below
    testImplementation 'org.testng:testng:7.4.0'

    // This dependency is used by the application.
    implementation 'com.google.guava:guava:31.0.1-jre'
    implementation 'org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java:4.4.0'
    implementation 'io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager:5.3.0'
}

application {
    // Define the main class for the application.
    mainClass = 'com.example.App'
}

tasks.named('test') {
    // Use TestNG for unit tests.
    useTestNG() {
    useDefaultListeners = true
	outputDirectory = file("$projectDir/TestNG_Reports")
   }
 reports.html.setDestination(file("$projectDir/GradleReports"))
}

Step 7 – Create Test Code under src/test/java

Let us write the code to test a web application. I have created 3 tests and out of 3, 1 test will fail intentionally.

import java.time.Duration;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;

public class LoginTests {
	
	WebDriver driver;
	 
    @BeforeMethod
    public void setUp() {
    	
    	WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
    	driver = new ChromeDriver();     
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(Duration.ofSeconds(10));
        driver.manage().window().maximize();
        driver.get("https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/");
 
    }
 
    @Test(description = "This test validates error message when credentials are incorrect", priority = 0)
    public void verifyIncorrectCredentials() {
 
    	driver.findElement(By.name("username")).sendKeys("Admin");
    	driver.findElement(By.name("password")).sendKeys("admin123$$");   	 
        driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")).submit();
        
        String actualErrorMessage = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")).getText();
        
    	// Verify Error Message
    	Assert.assertEquals(actualErrorMessage,"Invalid credentials");
    
    }
       
    @Test(description = "This test will fail", priority = 1)
    public void verifyBlankCredentials() {
 
    	driver.findElement(By.name("username")).sendKeys("");
    	driver.findElement(By.name("password")).sendKeys("admin123$$");   	 
        driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")).submit();
        
        String actualErrorMessage = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")).getText();
        
    	// Verify Error Message
    	Assert.assertEquals(actualErrorMessage,"Invalid credentials");
    
    }
       
    @Test(description = "This test validates  successful login to Home page", priority = 2)
    public void verifyLoginPage() {
    	
    	driver.findElement(By.name("username")).sendKeys("Admin");
    	driver.findElement(By.name("password")).sendKeys("admin123");   	 
        driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")).submit();
 
        String homePageHeading = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/h5")).getText();
                                                              
   	     //Verify new page - HomePage
        Assert.assertEquals(homePageHeading,"Employee Information");
    	
    }
    
    @AfterMethod
    public void teardown() {
 
        driver.quit();
    }
 
}

Step 8 – Create testng.xml

Right-click on the project and select TestNG and select Convert to TestNG.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "https://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite">
  <test name="Selenium Tests with TestNG">
    <classes>
      <class name="com.example.LoginTests"/>
    </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->

Step 9 – Run the tests from TestNG

Right-Click on the testng.xml and select Run As TestNG Suite.

The output of the above tests in Eclipse Console is as shown below.

This also generates a folder with the name test-output that contains the TestNG reports like index.html, emailable-report.html.

Step 10 – Run the tests from Command Line

To run the tests from the command line, use the below-mentioned command.

gradle clean test

The output of the above program is

Step 11 – TestNG and Gradle Report generation

Once the test execution is finished, refresh the project. We will see 2 folders – GradleReports and TestNG_ Reports.

Gradle Reports

This folder contains index.html.

Right click on index.html and select open with Web Browser. This report shows the summary of all the tests executed. As you can see that Failed tests are selected (highlighted in blue), so the name of test failed along with class name is displayed here.

TestNG Reports

Go to TestNG_Reports folder and right-click and open emailable-report.html.

Index.html

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!