ExtentReports Version 5 for Cucumber 7 and TestNG

HOME

The previous tutorial explained the steps to generate ExtentReports Version for Cucumber6 with TestNG. This tutorial explains the steps needed to be followed to generate an ExtentReports Version5 for Cucumber 7.

New Features in ExtentReports Version 5

Report Attachments 

To add attachments, like screen images, two settings need to be added to the extent.properties. Firstly property, named screenshot.dir, is the directory where the attachments are stored. Secondly is screenshot.rel.path, which is the relative path from the report file to the screenshot directory.

extent.reporter.spark.out=Reports/Spark.html

screenshot.dir=/Screenshots/
screenshot.rel.path=../Screenshots/
Extent PDF Reporter

The PDF reporter summarizes the test run results in a dashboard and other sections with feature, scenario and, step details. The PDF report needs to be enabled in the extent.properties file.

#PDF Report
extent.reporter.pdf.start=true
extent.reporter.pdf.out=PdfReport/ExtentPdf.pdf
Ported HTML Reporter

The original HTML Extent Reporter was deprecated in 4.1.3 and removed in 5.0.0. The HTML report available in the adapter is based on the same code base and is similar in appearance. The major changes are in the Freemarker template code which has been modified to work with the Extent Reports version 5. The HTML report needs to be enabled in the extent.properties file.

#HTML Report
extent.reporter.html.start=true
extent.reporter.html.out=HtmlReport/ExtentHtml.html
Customized Report Folder Name

To enable report folder name with date and\or time details, two settings need to be added to the extent.properties. These are basefolder.name and basefolder.datetimepattern. These will be merged to create the base folder name, inside which the reports will be generated.

#FolderName
basefolder.name=ExtentReports/SparkReport_
basefolder.datetimepattern=d_MMM_YY HH_mm_ss
Attach Image as Base64 String

This feature can be used to attach images to the Spark report by setting the src attribute of the img tag to a Base64 encoded string of the image. When this feature is used, no physical file is created. There is no need to modify any step definition code to use this. To enable this, use the below settings in extent.properties, which is false by default.

extent.reporter.spark.base64imagesrc=true
Environment or System Info Properties

 It is now possible to add environment or system info properties in the extent.properties or pass them in the maven command line. 

#System Info
systeminfo.os=windows
systeminfo.version=10

Generation of ExtentReport 5 in Cucumber7 with TestNG

Pre-Requisite:

  1. Java 8 or higher is needed for ExtentReport5
  2. Maven or Gradle
  3. JAVA IDE (like Eclipse, IntelliJ, or soon)
  4. TestNG installed
  5. Cucumber Eclipse plugin (in case using Eclipse)

Project Structure

Step 1 – Add Maven dependencies to the POM

Add ExtentReport dependency

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.aventstack</groupId>
    <artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
    <version>5.0.9</version>
</dependency>

Add tech grasshopper maven dependency for Cucumber

<dependency>
    <groupId>tech.grasshopper</groupId>
    <artifactId>extentreports-cucumber7-adapter</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.0</version>
</dependency>

The complete POM.xml will look like as shown below with other Selenium and TestNG dependencies.

<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<cucumber.version>7.6.0</cucumber.version>
		<extentreports.cucumber7.adapter.version>1.7.0</extentreports.cucumber7.adapter.version>
		<extentreports.version>5.0.9</extentreports.version>
		<selenium.version>4.3.0</selenium.version>
		<webdrivermanager.version>5.2.1</webdrivermanager.version>
		<testng.version>7.6.1</testng.version>
		<apache.common.version>2.4</apache.common.version>		
		<maven.compiler.plugin.version>3.10.1</maven.compiler.plugin.version>
		<maven.surefire.plugin.version>3.0.0-M7</maven.surefire.plugin.version>
		<maven.compiler.source.version>11</maven.compiler.source.version>
		<maven.compiler.target.version>11</maven.compiler.target.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
			<artifactId>cucumber-java</artifactId>
			<version>${cucumber.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
           <groupId>io.cucumber</groupId>
           <artifactId>cucumber-testng</artifactId>
           <version>${cucumber.version}</version>
           <scope>test</scope>
       </dependency>

		<!-- Cucumber ExtentReport Adapter -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>tech.grasshopper</groupId>
			<artifactId>extentreports-cucumber7-adapter</artifactId>
			<version>${extentreports.cucumber7.adapter.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Extent Report -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.aventstack</groupId>
			<artifactId>extentreports</artifactId>
			<version>${extentreports.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		
		<!-- Selenium -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>
			<artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>
			<version>${selenium.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Web Driver Manager -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>io.github.bonigarcia</groupId>
			<artifactId>webdrivermanager</artifactId>
			<version>${webdrivermanager.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- TestNG -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.testng</groupId>
			<artifactId>testng</artifactId>
			<version>${testng.version}</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>

		<!-- Apache Common -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.directory.studio</groupId>
			<artifactId>org.apache.commons.io</artifactId>
			<version>${apache.common.version}</version>
		</dependency>

	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.compiler.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>${maven.compiler.source.version}</source> 
					<target>${maven.compiler.target.version}</target> 
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>${maven.surefire.plugin.version}</version>
				<configuration>
					<suiteXmlFiles>
						<suiteXmlFile>testng.xml</suiteXmlFile>
					</suiteXmlFiles>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
Step 2: Create a feature file in src/test/resources

Below is a sample feature file. I have also added a failed scenario in @FaceBookLink.

Feature: Login to HRM Application 
  
   @ValidCredentials
   Scenario: Login with valid credentials
      
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
    When User enters username as "Admin" and password as "admin123"
    Then User should be able to login sucessfully and new page open
     
   @InvalidCredentials
   Scenario Outline: Login with invalid credentials
      
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
    When User enters username as "<username>" and password as "<password>"
    Then User should be able to see error message "<errorMessage>"
     
  Examples:
  | username   | password  | errorMessage                      |
  |            | abc       | Username cannot be empty          |
  | admin      |           | Password cannot be empty          |
  |            |           | Username cannot be empty          |
  | Admin      | admin12$$ | Invalid credentials               |
  | admin$$    | admin123  | Invalid credentials               |
   
     
  @FaceBookLink
  Scenario: Verify FaceBook Icon on Login Page
      
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
    Then User should be able to see FaceBook Icon
     
  @LinkedInLink
  Scenario: Verify LinkedIn Icon on Login Page
      
    Given User is on HRMLogin page "https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/"
    Then User should be able to see LinkedIn Icon  

Step 3: Create extent.properties file in src/test/resources

We need to create the extent.properties file at the src/test/resources folder for the grasshopper extent report adapter to recognize it. Using a property file for reporting is quite helpful if you want to define several different properties.

extent.reporter.spark.start=true
extent.reporter.spark.out=Reports/Spark.html

#PDF Report
extent.reporter.pdf.start=true
extent.reporter.pdf.out=PdfReport/ExtentPdf.pdf

#HTML Report
extent.reporter.html.start=true
extent.reporter.html.out=HtmlReport/ExtentHtml.html

#FolderName
basefolder.name=ExtentReports/SparkReport_
basefolder.datetimepattern=d_MMM_YY HH_mm_ss

#Screenshot
screenshot.dir=/Screenshots/
screenshot.rel.path=../Screenshots/

#Base64
extent.reporter.spark.base64imagesrc=true

#System Info
systeminfo.os=windows
systeminfo.version=10
Step 4: Create a Helper class in src/main/java

We have used Page Object Model with Cucumber and TestNG. Create a Helper class where we are initializing the web driver, initializing the web driver wait, defining the timeouts, and creating a private constructor of the class, within it will declare the web driver, so whenever we create an object of this class, a new web browser is invoked. 

import java.time.Duration;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;
import io.github.bonigarcia.wdm.WebDriverManager;
 
public class HelperClass {
     
    private static HelperClass helperClass;
     
    private static WebDriver driver;
    private static WebDriverWait wait;
    public final static int TIMEOUT = 10;
     
     private HelperClass() {
          
            WebDriverManager.chromedriver().setup();
            driver = new ChromeDriver();
            wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, Duration.ofSeconds(TIMEOUT));
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(Duration.ofSeconds(TIMEOUT));
            driver.manage().window().maximize();
     }      
             
    public static void openPage(String url) {
        driver.get(url);
    }
 
     
    public static WebDriver getDriver() {
        return driver;              
    }
     
    public static void setUpDriver() {
         
        if (helperClass==null) {
             
            helperClass = new HelperClass();
        }
    }
     
     public static void tearDown() {
          
         if(driver!=null) {
             driver.close();
             driver.quit();
         }
          
         helperClass = null;
     } 
     
}

Step 5: Create Locator classes in src/main/java

Create a locator class for each page that contains the detail of the locators of all the web elements. Here, I’m creating 2 locator classes – LoginPageLocators and HomePageLocators.

LoginPageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class LoginPageLocators {

	@FindBy(name = "username")
    public WebElement userName;
 
    @FindBy(name = "password")
    public WebElement password;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/form/div[3]/button")
    public WebElement login;
 
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div/div[1]/div/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/p")
    public  WebElement errorMessage;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@href='https://www.linkedin.com/company/orangehrm/mycompany/']")
    public  WebElement linkedInIcon;
    
    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@href='https://www.facebook.com/OrangeHRM/mycompany']") //Invalid Xpath
    public  WebElement faceBookIcon;
      
}

HomePageLocators

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.FindBy;

public class HomePageLocators {

	@FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id='app']/div[1]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div[1]/div[1]/h5")
	public  WebElement homePageUserName;
 
}

Step 6: Create Action classes in src/main/java

Create the action classes for each web page. These action classes contain all the methods needed by the step definitions. In this case, I have created 2 action classes – LoginPageActions and HomePageActions.

LoginPageActions

In this class, the very first thing will do is to create the object of LoginPageLocators class so that we should be able to access all the PageFactory elements. Secondly, create a public constructor of LoginPageActions class

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.locators.LoginPageLocators;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
 
public class LoginPageActions {
 
    LoginPageLocators loginPageLocators = null; 
     
    public LoginPageActions() {
 
        this.loginPageLocators = new LoginPageLocators();
 
        PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),loginPageLocators);
    }
 
   
    // Set user name in textbox
    public void setUserName(String strUserName) {
        loginPageLocators.userName.sendKeys(strUserName);
    }
  
    // Set password in password textbox
    public void setPassword(String strPassword) {
        loginPageLocators.password.sendKeys(strPassword);
    }
  
    // Click on login button
    public void clickLogin() {
        loginPageLocators.login.click();
    }
      
    // Get the error message of Login Page
    public String getErrorMessage() {
        return loginPageLocators.errorMessage.getText();
    }
     
    // LinkedIn Icon is displayed
    public Boolean getLinkedInIcon() {
    
        return loginPageLocators.linkedInIcon.isDisplayed();
    }
     
    // FaceBook Icon is displayed
    public Boolean getFaceBookIcon() {
    
        return loginPageLocators.faceBookIcon.isDisplayed();
    }
  
    public void login(String strUserName, String strPassword) {
  
        // Fill user name
        this.setUserName(strUserName);
  
        // Fill password
        this.setPassword(strPassword);
  
        // Click Login button
        this.clickLogin();
  
    }
}

HomePageActions

import org.openqa.selenium.support.PageFactory;
import com.example.locators.HomePageLocators;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
 
public class HomePageActions {
 
    HomePageLocators homePageLocators = null;
    
    public HomePageActions() {
         
        this.homePageLocators = new HomePageLocators();
 
        PageFactory.initElements(HelperClass.getDriver(),homePageLocators);
    }
 
  
    // Get the User name from Home Page
    public String getHomePageText() {
        return homePageLocators.homePageUserName.getText();
    }
 
}

Step 7: Create a Step Definition file in src/test/java

Create the corresponding Step Definition file of the feature file.

LoginPageDefinitions

import org.testng.Assert;
import com.example.actions.HomePageActions;
import com.example.actions.LoginPageActions;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Given;
import io.cucumber.java.en.Then;
import io.cucumber.java.en.When;

public class LoginPageDefinitions{	

	LoginPageActions objLogin = new LoginPageActions();
    HomePageActions objHomePage = new HomePageActions();		
 
    @Given("User is on HRMLogin page {string}")
    public void loginTest(String url) {
    	
    	HelperClass.openPage(url);
 
    }
 
    @When("User enters username as {string} and password as {string}")
    public void goToHomePage(String userName, String passWord) {
 
        // login to application
        objLogin.login(userName, passWord);
 
        // go the next page
        
    }
 
    @Then("User should be able to login sucessfully and new page open")
    public void verifyLogin() {
 
        // Verify home page
        Assert.assertTrue(objHomePage.getHomePageText().contains("Employee Information"));
 
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see error message {string}")
    public void verifyErrorMessage(String expectedErrorMessage) {
 
        // Verify home page
        Assert.assertEquals(objLogin.getErrorMessage(),expectedErrorMessage);
 
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see LinkedIn Icon")
    public void verifyLinkedInIcon( ) {
    	
    	Assert.assertTrue(objLogin.getLinkedInIcon());
    }
    
    @Then("User should be able to see FaceBook Icon")
    public void verifyFaceBookIcon( ) {
    	
    	Assert.assertTrue(objLogin.getFaceBookIcon());
    }
        
}

Step 8: Create Hook class in src/test/java

Create the hook class that contains the Before and After hook. @Before hook contains the method to call the setup driver which will initialize the chrome driver. This will be run before any test.

import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
import com.example.utils.HelperClass;
import io.cucumber.java.After;
import io.cucumber.java.Before;
import io.cucumber.java.Scenario;

public class Hooks {
		
	@Before
    public static void setUp() {
       HelperClass.setUpDriver();
    }

	@After
	public static void tearDown(Scenario scenario) {

		//validate if scenario has failed
		if(scenario.isFailed()) {
			final byte[] screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot) HelperClass.getDriver()).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.BYTES);
			scenario.attach(screenshot, "image/png", scenario.getName()); 
		}	
	
		HelperClass.tearDown();
	}
}

Step 9: Create a Cucumber Test Runner class in src/test/java

Add the extent report cucumber adapter to the runner class’s CucumberOption annotation.

plugin = {"com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:"})

The updated Cucumber Runner class looks like as shown below:

import io.cucumber.testng.AbstractTestNGCucumberTests;
import io.cucumber.testng.CucumberOptions;
  
@CucumberOptions(tags = "", features = "src/test/resources/features/LoginPage.feature", glue = "com.example.definitions",
                 plugin = {"com.aventstack.extentreports.cucumber.adapter.ExtentCucumberAdapter:"})
  
public class CucumberRunnerTests extends AbstractTestNGCucumberTests {
  
}

Step 10: Create the testng.xml for the project

Right-click on the project and select TestNG -> convert to TestNG.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "https://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite">
  <test name="ExtentReport5 for Cucumber7">
  
  <classes>
  <class name = "com.example.runner.CucumberRunnerTests"/>
  </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->

Step 11: Execute the code

Right Click on the Runner class and select Run As -> TestNG Test.

Below is the screenshot of Console. As expected, 4 tests, out of 5 are passed and 1 is failed.

Step 12: View ExtentReport

Refresh the project and will see a new folder – SparkReport_ which further contains 4 folders -HtmlReport,PdfReport, Reports, and Screenshots.

The ExtentReport will be present in the Reports folder with the name Spark.html. PDF Report is present in PdfReport folder and HTML Report is present in HtmlReport folder. We can see that the Screenshots folder is empty because we have used base64imagesrc feature that results in no physical screenshots. The screenshots are embedded in the reports.

Right-click and open the ExtentHtml.html report with Web Browser. The report also has a summary section that displays the summary of the execution. The summary includes the overview of the pass/fail using a pictogram, start time, end time, and pass/fail details of features as shown in the image below.

ExtentHtml.html

The failed test has screenshot embedded in it. Double click on mase64image and it will open the screenshot in full screen.

Screenshot of failed Test Case

PDF Report

Spark Report

Right-click and open the Spark.html report with Web Browser.

Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!! Cheers!!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s