How to handle radio buttons in Robot Framework 


In this tutorial, we will automate the execution of the Radio Button in Robot Framework.


  1. Install Python
  2. Install PIP
  3. Install Robot Framework
  4. Install Robot framework Selenium Library
  5. Install PyCharm IDE

Please refer to this tutorial to install Robot Framework – How to install and setup Robot Framework for Python.

Implementation Steps:

Step 1.1 – Open PyCharm and create a new project. Go to File and select New Project from the main menu.

Step 1.2 – Choose the project location. Click the “Browse” button next to the Location field and specify the directory for your project.

Deselect the Create a welcome script checkbox because you will create a new Python file for this tutorial.

Click on the “Create” Button.

Step 1.3 – A new dialog appears asking to open the project using any one of the given options. I have selected New Window as I like to have separate windows for each project.

Below is the image of the new project created in PyCharms.

Step 2 – Create a new directory in the new project

Right-Click on the project, select New->Directory and provide name as Tests

Below is the image of the new directory.

Step 3 – Create a robot Test File

Right-click on the new directory and select New File and provide the name as RadioButton_Demo.robot as shown below:

Step 4 – Download ChromeBinaries from the below location

The tests are going to use the Chrome browser, so we need to download the ChromeBinaries to open a blank browser in Chrome.

The chromedriver and geckodriver are placed in a folder name drivers in the RobotFramework_Demo project. I have renamed chromedriver to Chrome and geckodriver to Firefox.

Step 5 – Automate the selection of options for Radio Buttons

We are now going to write test cases. The test case details will be as follows −

  • Open the browser and copy URL − in Chrome
  • Verify that the page contains the Radio Buttons.
  • Verify that the page does not contain the Radio Button. Provided the locator for the checkbox
  • Click on “Male” Radio Button
  • Verify that “Male” Radio Button is selected

To work with the Radio Button, we need a locator. A locator is an identifier for the textbox like id, name, class, xpath, css selector, etc.

To know more about locators, refer to these Selenium Tutorials:

 Locators in Selenium – Locate by ID, ClassName,  Name, TagName,  LinkText, PartialLinkText

Dynamic XPath  in Selenium WebDriver

CSS Selector in Selenium WebDriver

The below page shows that we have 2 Radio Buttons – Male and FeMale.

Let us inspect the locator of the Radio Button.

Below is an example of selecting the “Male” option in Radio Buttons.

*** Settings ***
Documentation    To validate the Login Form
Library     SeleniumLibrary
Test Teardown    Close Browser

*** Test Cases ***
Select an option of Radio Button
    Open the Browser with URL
    Select impressive option from 3 radio buttons
    Verify that the radio button is selected

*** Keywords ***
Open the Browser with URL
    Create Webdriver    Chrome  executable_path=/Vibha_Personal/RobotFramework_Demo/drivers/chromedriver_linux64
    Go To
    Maximize Browser Window
    Set Selenium Implicit Wait    2

Select impressive option from 3 radio buttons
    Page Should Contain Radio Button    name:radiooptions
    Page Should Not Contain Radio Button    id:checkbox1    #This is checkbox
    Select Radio Button    radiooptions    Male

Verify that the radio button is selected
    Radio Button Should Be Set To    radiooptions    Male

All the below-mentioned keywords are derived from SeleniumLibrary. The functionality of keywords mentioned above:

1. Create Webdriver − The keyword creates an instance of Selenium WebDriver.

2. Go To – This keyword navigates the current browser window to the provided URL –

3. Maximize Browser Window – This keyword maximizes the current browser window.

4. Set Selenium Implicit Wait – This keyword sets the implicit wait value used by Selenium.

5. Page Should Contain Radio Button − This keyword is used to find the radio buttons that are located on the current page.

6. Page Should Not Contain Radio Button – This keyword is used to find that the radio buttons are not locator on the current page.

7. Select Radio Button – This keyword is used to click on the “Male” option of the radio buttons.

8. Radio Button Should Be Set To – This keyword verifies if the radio button “Male” is selected or not.

These keywords are present in SeleniumLibrary. To know more about these keywords, please refer to this document –

To run this script, go to the command line and go to directory tests.

Step 6 – Execute the tests

We need the below command to run the Robot Framework script.

robot RadioButton_Demo.robot

The output of the above program is

Step 7 – View Report and Log

We have the test case passed. The Robot Framework generates log.html, output.xml, and report.html by default.

Let us now see the report and log details.


Right-click on report.html. Select Open In->Browser->Chrome(any browser of your wish).

The Report generated by the framework is shown below:


Robot Framework has multiple log levels that control what is shown in the automatically generated log file. The default Robot Framework log level is INFO.

Right-click on log.html. Select Open In->Browser->Chrome(any browser of your wish).

That’s it! Congratulations on making it through this tutorial and hope you found it useful! Happy Learning!!


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